Commission on Human Rights
Sixty-First Session
- Item 13: Rights of the Child-

by H.E. Ambassador Doru Costea
Permanent representative of Romania

Geneva, 8 April 2005

Mr. Chairman,

Romania has aligned itself with the statement to be delivered by the Permanent Representative of Luxembourg [to the United Nations], on behalf of the European Union.

Mr. Chairman,

The Romanian Delegation whishes to draw the attention of the members of the Commission to a matter of utmost importance, which calls for the engagement of this UN body and of its special procedures dedicated to the protection of the rights of child. In the Eastern region of the Republic of Moldova (also known as Transdniestria) the separatist administration in place have resorted to illegal and dangerous practices that amounted to a campaign that is focused on the schools teaching in Latin script and is aiming to deprive children of their basic right to education.

It is obvious that this particular frozen conflict at the boundaries of Europe, proves itself to be alarmingly unstable from the human rights perspective. Developments do occur at this stage of conflict and, unfortunately, they have a bearing on children and their rights.

The list of basic rights and fundamental freedoms infringements by this illegal separatist administration is long, totally unacceptable and far beyond of what has to be the red line of admissible tolerance of the Commission. Respect for the right to education of children and for the freedom of expression of schoolchildren, parents and teachers altogether stand at the core of our work in the Commission and we consider that now it is the time the UN system grant the situation in that region the consideration it deserves.

Mr. Chairman,

The long process of reaching a lasting settlement of the conflict in the Transdniesterian region of the Republic of Moldova does not fall under the mandate of this Commission. But it is in the mandate of this UN body to strengthen worldwide the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. In these circumstances Romania calls the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and other UN humanitarian agencies to intensify their efforts to prevent the separatist administration in place to violate the children's right to education in Transdniestria. On its behalf, my country will continue to draw the attention of the international community upon the issue of the respect of the basic human rights in that region.

Mr. Chairman,

Allow me now to address a few words on the efforts of the Romanian authorities in order to continually improve the quality of life for children, especially for those with specific needs. During the last decade, Romania has systematically reviewed the legislation to guarantee the full enjoyment of children's rights on the basis of constructive dialogue at national level and a continuously self-improving process. A new comprehensive Romanian legislation came into effect at the beginning of this year.

An important element of this process was the cooperation of my country with international and regional organizations (in particular with the European Commission and the UN specialized agencies) as well as with representatives of the Romanian civil society. We are determined to see this exercise continuous and developed.

While improving the national legal framework, the Romanian authorities paid special attention to the international adoption, a priority on our political agenda. My country created an adequate legislation and appropriate institutional mechanisms for ensuring transparent internal procedures for the international adoption of the child and we are ready to approach this issue on international context. In particular Romania considers it is appropriate to set up, on bilateral and multilateral basis, mechanisms aiming to follow up the evolution of the child within the adopting families from abroad. This is a topic that we are going to promote in the relevant documents of this Commission.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

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